Crowns and bridges

What are crowns and bridges?

A crown is a fixed tooth replacement prepared at our dental laboratory placed onto the tooth chiselled by our dentist. A crown can be prepared for badly damaged but sufficiently stable teeth.

A bridge is used when several adjacent teeth need to be restored using a set of crowns supported by a metal framework. A bridge is a great solution for replacing missing teeth, too: our dentist chisels a tooth on the right and on left of the gap if they are stable enough, and using them as pillar teeth, he cements the bridge in place.

When do you need a crown?

You might need a crown when your tooth is in such poor condition that it cannot be filled, yet, its extraction might be avoided. This is how our dentist protects root canal treated and damaged teeth from breaking. If the tooth is broken but it can still be reconstructed using tooth filling material or a dowel abutment, it can be further strengthened with a crown. Crowns can be applied if you are dissatisfied with the shape of your existing teeth. If certain teeth need to be replaced with implants, a crown can be attached to them after the healing period.

When do you need a bridge?

Your dentist can recommend you to have a bridge prepared for several reasons. This type of dental restoration is advisable when several neighbouring teeth are particularly damaged but there is no need to remove them. A bridge might be a good solution if some of your teeth are missing or need to be extracted, and the quantity and condition of your remaining teeth allow the dentist to use them as pillars.

Is a bridge suitable for replacing teeth missing at the end of the row?

A bridge is usually suitable for replacing a missing tooth at the end of the row, that is, the molar, in a way that the dentist chisels the two teeth before it, and replaces the missing tooth with a so-called cantilever.

If three or four of your teeth are missing at the end of the row, inserting one or more implants, and preparing a bridge could be the solution. If implantation is ruled out due to the insufficient quality of the jaw bone, a combined treatment should be considered.

What material are crowns and bridges made of?

As for the material of the crown and the bridge, you can choose from a variety of solutions at 5dent Dental Clinic.

Our dental clinic offers you the following options if you prefer crowns and bridges with metal frames:

metal-ceramic crowns
gold-ceramic crowns
titan-ceramic crowns.

We also prepare absolutely metal-free crowns and bridges. You can choose from the following options:

gradia crowns
pressure-ceramic crowns
zirconium-oxide crowns.

The advantage of metal-free crowns over crowns supported by metal frames is that they look much more "lifelike" in natural light; therefore they are an excellent choice for your front teeth to achieve a really natural look.

Certainly our dentist explains to you the advantages of the various types of crowns with pleasure during the consultation, and helps you choose the best possible dental treatment programme for you.

Which crown is the most modern and most exclusive?
Zirconium-oxide crowns

Zirconium-oxide crowns are the most modern and most exclusive solution available today. The advantage of zirconium crowns is that they meet even the highest aesthetic and functional needs. Our dental laboratory uses zirconium to prepare metal-free crowns and veneers.

Zirconium-oxide crowns are ideal because they do not contain metal, and they can be fixed onto root canal treated, discoloured teeth as they are able to conceal discolouration.

Zirconium crowns are much harder than natural teeth thus they are suitable for preparing bridges of up to 12-14 pieces. Furthermore, they have high wear resistance, and look more natural than crowns supported by a metal substructure.

Our dental technician prepares the zirconium-oxide crown based on the impression taken of the tooth prepared and chiselled by our dentist, applying a special procedure, the so-called CAD/CAM technology. When taking the impression, our dentist determines the colour of your tooth with the help of a shade tab to make sure that the colour of the future crown will be the best possible colour match for your existing teeth.

A computer scans the chiselled tooth stumps. CAD/CAM technology gives an incredibly exact framework. Then our dental technician sends the digital data of the zirconium-oxide framework to a dental laboratory in Vienna, where the zirconium-oxide framework is produced using the milling technique. The production usually takes two working days. After the zirconium-oxide framework has arrived from the dental laboratory in Vienna, our dental technician prepares the layering.

Our dental technician makes sure that the colour and shape of the crown entirely match those of your existing teeth, and that the result provides you with a really natural smile.

On delivery your dentist fixes the crown applying very strong dental cement.

What other metal-free crowns does 5dent Dental Clinic recommend to you?
Pressure-ceramic crowns

Pressure-ceramic crowns are prepared under high pressure during calcinations. Our dental laboratory uses pressure ceramics for preparing metal-free crowns and veneers.

A big advantage of pressure-ceramic crowns is that they do not contain metal, and they can be fixed onto root canal treated, discoloured teeth as they are able to conceal discolouration. Pressure-ceramic crowns are much harder than natural teeth thus they do not break so easily. Furthermore, they have high wear resistance, and look more natural than crowns supported by a metal substructure.

Our dental technician prepares the pressure-ceramic crown based on the impression taken of the tooth prepared and chiselled by our dentist. When taking the impression, our dentist determines the colour of your tooth with the help of a shade tab to make sure that the colour of the future crown will be the best possible colour match for your existing teeth.

First a plaster model is made of your teeth, which helps to prepare the crowns.

The finished crown is entirely metal-free to make your smile as natural as possible. Our dental technician makes sure that the colour and shape of the crown entirely match those of your existing teeth, and that the result provides you with a really natural smile.

On delivery your dentist fixes the crown applying very strong dental cement.

Which crown is the cheapest solution available at 5dent Dental Clinic?
Gradia crowns

Gradia crowns are the cheapest of metal-free crown solutions. Gradia is a micro-ceramic composite material, which contains no metal. Gradia is used for making long-lasting indirect fillings (inlay, onlay, overlay), metal-free crowns, bridges as well as veneers.

A big advantage of gradia crowns is that they do not contain metal, and that they are similarly hard as natural teeth. Furthermore, they have high wear resistance, and look more natural than crowns supported by a metal substructure.

Our dental technician prepares the gradia crown based on the impression taken of the tooth prepared and chiselled by our dentist. When taking the impression, our dentist determines the colour of your tooth with the help of a shade tab to make sure that the colour of the future crown will be the best possible colour match for your existing teeth.

First a plaster model is made of your teeth, which helps to prepare the crowns.

The finished crown is entirely metal-free to make your smile as natural as possible. Our dental technician makes sure that the colour and shape of the crown entirely match those of your existing teeth, and that the result provides you with a really natural smile.

On delivery your dentist fixes the crown applying very strong dental cement.

Which is the cheapest option available at 5dent Dental Clinic when you need a crown?
Metal-ceramic crowns

Traditional metal-ceramic crowns are very popular due to their affordable price.

Our dental technician prepares the metal-ceramic crown based on the impression taken of the tooth prepared and chiselled by our dentist. When taking the impression, our dentist determines the colour of your tooth with the help of a shade tab to make sure that the colour of the future crown will be the best possible colour match for your existing teeth.

First a plaster model is made of your teeth, and then the metal framework of the restoration is prepared.

This metal alloy contains mainly cobalt and chromium. Our dental laboratory has not used nickel or palladium to make this type of crowns for about 10 years because many patients are allergic to these metals.

Then the ceramics is burned onto the metal frame. It hides the metal frame all around, which is not visible at all. Our dental technician makes sure that the colour and shape of the ceramics entirely match those of your existing teeth, and that the result provides you with a really natural smile.

On delivery your dentist fixes the crown applying very strong dental cement.

What characteristic features do gold-ceramic crowns have?

The gold-ceramic crown is made based on the impression taken of the tooth prepared and chiselled by our dentist. When taking the impression, the colour of your tooth is determined with the help of a shade tab to make sure that the colour of the future crown will be the best possible colour match for your existing teeth. First a plaster model is made of your teeth, and then the metal framework of the restoration is prepared.

This gold alloy contains about 85% gold and 10% platinum among other metals. A big advantage of dental gold is that even patients allergic to other metals can tolerate it. Besides, it gives a much more elaborate end result, and a more realistic impression can be achieved than in case of metal-ceramic crowns.

The ceramics is burned on the golden frame. It hides the golden frame all around, which is not visible at all while speaking. Our dental technician makes sure that the colour and shape of the ceramics entirely match those of your existing teeth, and that the result provides you with a really natural smile.

On delivery your dentist fixes the crown applying very strong dental cement.

Which solution does our dentist recommend if you are allergic even to gold?
Titan-ceramic crowns

Titan-ceramic crowns are recommended when the condition of your teeth suggests the use of a crown supported by a metal substructure, but you are allergic even to gold. An extremely big advantage of titanium is that the human body fully tolerates it, and it does not cause any immune reactions.

Our dental technician prepares the titan-ceramic crown based on the impression taken of the tooth prepared and chiselled by our dentist. When taking the impression, the colour of your tooth is determined with the help of a shade tab to make sure that the colour of the future crown will be the best possible colour match for your existing teeth. First a plaster model is made of your teeth, and then the metal framework of the restoration is prepared.

The ceramics is burned on the titan frame. It hides the titan frame all around, which is not visible at all when smiling. Our dental technician makes sure that the colour and shape of the ceramics entirely match those of your existing teeth, and that the result provides you with a really natural smile.

On delivery your dentist fixes the crown applying very strong dental cement.

How long does it take 5dent Dental Clinic to prepare the crowns and bridges? How are crowns and bridges prepared?

If you need crowns and smaller bridges, you are required to visit our dental clinic twice in general. During the first treatment the dentist prepares the tooth, chisels it, takes an impression of it, and you receive a temporary crown or bridge, which you can wear till the next dental treatment.

In the meantime, our dental technicians prepare your final crown or bridge. The next dental treatment is the so-called delivery, when the dentist fixes the finished crown or bridge applying dental cement especially developed for this purpose.

In case bigger bridges need to be prepared, you are required to see your dentist 3 times in general. Your dentist and dental technician may find a fit test necessary after taking the impression and before delivery to give you a precisely fitted and perfect-looking new bridge.

Following this, all you need to do is take good care of your crown or bridge, and clean it properly.

Will you possibly need other dental treatments when you are having your crown made?

When making your price offer, but no later than the beginning of your dental treatment, we take a dental x-ray or panoramic x-ray to assess the condition of your teeth.

Based on the x-ray your dentist is able to determine which tooth needs extraction or root canal treatment. In case of tooth extraction we provide you with a temporary tooth replacement. If your tooth is root canal treated, broken or particularly damaged, it might have to be reconstructed using filling material or a dowel abutment.

What is to be done following the dental treatment?

On delivery our dentist gives you detailed care instructions so that you can enjoy the benefits of your new crown as long as possible. It is vital to practise excellent oral hygiene, and to choose the right dental floss, a good-quality toothbrush and toothpaste. It is also advisable to apply mouth-wash regularly, which can generally help you avoid gingivitis.

Our dentists would be delighted to help you choose the ideal toothbrush, toothpaste and dental floss for you, which you can try and buy at our dental clinic.

5dent Dental Clinic recommends you to see your dentist for an annual check-up, and to have a professional dental hygiene treatment conducted once or twice a year.

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